Transit-Oriented Development for Aging Adults: An Evaluation of Recent Trends, Best Practices, and Future Prospects

University  Florida State University (FSU)
Principal Investigators  Michael Duncan, Ph.D.
PI Contact Information  Department of Geography
Phone: 850.644.8377
Funding Source(s)and Amounts  Provided(by each agency or organization)  USDOT: $185,450
Florida State University: $92,750
Total Project Cost  $278,200
Agency ID or Contract Number  DTRT13-G-UTC42-033177-036732
Start and End Dates 5/1/2015 – 06/30/2017
Brief Description of Research Project 

Fulfilling daily needs associated with successful aging portends many challenges. In particular, as their driving skills deteriorate, many aging adults will need to find alternative means of travel that will allow them to conduct basic out-of-home activities. One approach to addressing this problem is to create places that allow one to effectively reach a variety of activities without a car. Transit-oriented development (TOD) ostensibly provides this type of place. TOD is commonly defined as compact, walkable development immediately surrounding a major transit station. In this project, our key objective is to provide a nationwide examination of TOD from the perspective of how well it attracts and meets the needs of aging adults. Our research incorporates several intertwined tasks, including collection and analysis of data about the presence and growth of aging populations residing near transit stations, detailed cases studies of TODs that have successfully attracted aging adults, and regression models that predict the relative share of older adults living near a transit station. Further, to elucidate best practices with regard to TOD for the aging, we surveyed transit agencies and local governments about their efforts in this regard. Finally, calculated accessibility indices for TODs to determine how well they are providing high levels of non-auto access to the types of activities of import to older populations. This work will inform planning and policy initiatives aimed at creating places where older groups can transition away from driving without losing access to important out-of-home activities.

Describe Implementation of Research Outcomes (or why not implemented) Place Any Photos Here Final Report
Impacts/Benefits of Implementation (actual, not anticipated) See Final Report